Cable is the medium through which information usually moves
from one network device to another. Several types of cable are
commonly used with LANs.In some cases,a network will utilize only one type of cable, other networks will use a variety of cable types.There are four types of cables namely :
- Unshielded Twiested Pair (UTP)
- Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)
- Coaxial Cable
- Fiber Optic Cable
- Wireless LANs
Unshielded Twiested Pair (UTP)
- four pairs of wires inside the jacket
- each pair is twisted with different twist per inch to help eliminate interference from adjacent pairs and other electrical devices.
Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)
- consists of two individual wires wrapped in a foil shielding to help provide a more reliable data communication.
- suitable for environments with electrical interference but the extra shielding can make the cables quite bulky.
- often used on networks using Token Ring topology.
- Coaxial cabling has a single copper conductor at its center.
- A plastic layer provides insulation between the center conductor and a braided metal shield.
- The metal shield helps to block any outside interference from fluorescent lights, motors, and other computers.
- The most common type of connector used with coaxial cables is the Bayone-Neill-Concelman (BNC) connector.
- Fiber Optic Cable consists of a center glass core surrounded by several layers of protective materials and transmits light rather than electronic signals eliminating the problem of electrical interference.
- Fiber Optic Cable is ideal for certain environments that contain a large amount of electrical interference.
- It is able to transmit signals over much longer distances than coaxial and twisted pair.
Summary of Ethernet cabling
10BaseT : Unshielded Twisted Pair : 100 meters
10Base2 : Thin Coaxial : 185 meters
10Base5 : Thick Coaxial : 500 meters
10BaseF : Fiber Optic : 2000 meters'
Cable and typology
Linear Bus : Coax, twisted pair, Fiber : Ethernet, Local talk
Star : Twisted pair, fiber : Ethernet, Local talk
Star-wired Ring : Twisted pair : Token ring
Tree : Coax, twisted pair, fiber ; Ethernet
Ok, that's all from me today, thanks for visiting ^^